Mid - Shrimp pickers, including little 8-year-old Max on the right.
Jersey City, New Jersey. The small boy in front is Jo Puma. Right - Tony Casale, age 11, been selling 4 years. At times they start at 7 a. The youngest work until 9 p. Said she was 11 years old. Large sharp knives are used with a cutting and sometimes chopping motion.
Labor leaders told me in busy times many small boys and girls were employed. Newsies Left - A small newsie downtown on a Saturday afternoon. Seafood Workers Left - Oyster shuckers working in a canning factory. A common sight any day. The others until 11 p. The family left the farm two years ago to work in the mill.
A kind of slave-driver sometimes stands over the boys, prodding or kicking them into obedience. Right - In business for himself. The cage is entirely open on two sides and not very well protected on the other two, and is usually crowded like this. The older girl picks about 4 pails a day. Miners Left - At the close of day. Mid - Boys in the packing room at the Brown Mfg.
Doesn't know his A,B,C's. Right - Six-year-old Warren Frakes. He works at it off and on.
Her mother said she is "a real help to me. Mid - Joseph Severio, peanut vender, age 11 [seen with photographer Hine].
In the alley, 4 p. Husband died and left her with 11 children. The oldest three of these sisters have been in the mill for 7 years, and the two youngest for two years. The father picks now. Left - Manuel the young shrimp picker, age 5, and a mountain of child labor oyster shells behind him.
Two of them went off and got married. Boy is Howard Lee. The latter earns 84 cents a night. They were all smoking. Been pushing a cart 2 years. Sells sometimes until 10 p. Has been driving one year. Been picking 3 years in berry fields near Baltimore. The dirtiest imaginable children were pawing over the nuts and eating lunch on the table.
Tony, age 8, Dan, 9, Joseph, 10, and John, age One boy remarked, "De place is lousey wid kids. Four smallest children not working yet.
They live near the factory. Runs 4 sides - 48 cents a day. The boy on the right has been a messenger for 4 5 dollar craps biloxi. Works of his own volition. They pay about 5 cents a box," he said.
Sometimes works at night. Nine months in service, works from 7 a. Mid - Eight-year-old Jack driving a horse rake. The "first picking" necessitates a sitting posture. Some of the others say they earn a dollar when they work all day. Lincolnton, North Carolina Right - Some boys and girls were so small they had to climb up on to the spinning frame to mend broken threads and to put back the empty bobbins.
On the right are Sarah, age 7, next is her year-old sister, year-old brother.
He loafs around the country store. Ages range from 7 to Youngest boy in the group is 9 years old. We stay a month or six weeks in a place. Mid - Young boys working for Hickok Lumber Co. Mid - Bowling Alley boys.
Right - Harley Bruce, a young coupling-boy at Indian Mine.